A Guide to Common Cardiology Tests

If you believe you have heart problems, cardiology exams can provide the information you need to move forward. Your cardiologist can give you various tests to determine whether you have a condition and how to treat it. The tests can also confirm the extent of your issues and what you can do to combat them and once again have a healthy heart.


A healthy heart will effectively pump blood throughout the person’s body. However, various lifestyle choices and other issues can have a negative impact on this function. People who smoke are more prone to developing heart conditions than those who avoid tobacco. Also, people who eat poorly and consume large amounts of salt, sugar and fatty foods are at great risk of having heart disease and other related problems. Lack of exercise, age and family history are also common factors.


This test can detect congenital heart problems and unhealthy functions of the heart. It ordinarily takes up to an hour to perform this procedure. A technician will place a few stickers on the patient’s chest and will then use a probe to take pictures of the heart. The test is much like an ultrasound.


An electrocardiogram, or EKG, assesses the electrical activity of a person’s heart. It is a common test in the cardiology department. This test can show the cardiologist whether the heart has an abnormal heartbeat, whether it is too fast, too slow or irregular. It may also reveal whether there are abnormally large parts of the heart.


A radiologist will take these pictures of the heart. It can measure the size and identify whether the heart is too small or too large. Some patients may worry that getting this test in the cardiology department will expose them to radiation. However, the amount is small and the staff will take every precaution possible to protect the patient.


Like an X-ray, magnetic resonance imaging will take a picture of the heart. This test can show the cardiologist what the heart looks like as well as how effectively it is working. Using magnet waves, the MRI will help assess the health of the blood vessels too. This procedure usually takes around half an hour. The patient must remain completely still during the entire process.


This is yet another way for the cardiology department to get clear images of the patient’s heart. Catheters are not needed for this procedure. The doctor will place an IV in the patient and the overall process is usually faster than an MRI.


Your cardiologist will know which test or tests you need to get a proper diagnosis. After the test, the doctor will discuss the results with you and develop a treatment plan going forward. These tests have little pain or discomfort, so you should not have concerns about the procedures. The results can give you peace of mind to know what lies ahead and what you can do to find relief.


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